ComposableTimeSeriesForestRegressor#

class ComposableTimeSeriesForestRegressor(estimator=None, n_estimators=100, criterion='squared_error', max_depth=None, min_samples_split=2, min_samples_leaf=1, min_weight_fraction_leaf=0.0, max_features=None, max_leaf_nodes=None, min_impurity_decrease=0.0, bootstrap=False, oob_score=False, n_jobs=None, random_state=None, verbose=0, warm_start=False, max_samples=None)[source]#

Time-Series Forest Regressor.

A time series forest is a meta estimator and an adaptation of the random forest for time-series/panel data that fits a number of decision tree regressors on various sub-samples of a transformed dataset and uses averaging to improve the predictive accuracy and control over-fitting. The sub-sample size is always the same as the original input sample size but the samples are drawn with replacement if bootstrap=True (default).

Parameters:
estimatorPipeline

A pipeline consisting of series-to-tabular transformations and a decision tree regressor as final estimator.

n_estimatorsinteger, optional (default=100)

The number of trees in the forest.

criterionstring, optional (default=”squared_error”)

The function to measure the quality of a split. Supported criteria are “squared_error” for the mean squared error, which is equal to variance reduction as feature selection criterion and minimizes the L2 loss using the mean of each terminal node, “friedman_mse”, which uses mean squared error with Friedman’s improvement score for potential splits, “absolute_error” for the mean absolute error, which minimizes the L1 loss using the median of each terminal node, and “poisson” which uses reduction in Poisson deviance to find splits.

max_depthinteger or None, optional (default=None)

The maximum depth of the tree. If None, then nodes are expanded until all leaves are pure or until all leaves contain less than min_samples_split samples.

min_samples_splitint, float, optional (default=2)

The minimum number of samples required to split an internal node: - If int, then consider min_samples_split as the minimum number. - If float, then min_samples_split is a fraction and

ceil(min_samples_split * n_samples) are the minimum number of samples for each split.

min_samples_leafint, float, optional (default=1)

The minimum number of samples required to be at a leaf node. A split point at any depth will only be considered if it leaves at least min_samples_leaf training samples in each of the left and right branches. This may have the effect of smoothing the model, especially in regression. - If int, then consider min_samples_leaf as the minimum number. - If float, then min_samples_leaf is a fraction and

ceil(min_samples_leaf * n_samples) are the minimum number of samples for each node.

min_weight_fraction_leaffloat, optional (default=0.)

The minimum weighted fraction of the sum total of weights (of all the input samples) required to be at a leaf node. Samples have equal weight when sample_weight is not provided.

max_featuresint, float, string or None, optional (default=”auto”)

The number of features to consider when looking for the best split: - If int, then consider max_features features at each split. - If float, then max_features is a fraction and

int(max_features * n_features) features are considered at each split.

  • If “auto”, then max_features=sqrt(n_features).

  • If “sqrt”, then max_features=sqrt(n_features) (same as “auto”).

  • If “log2”, then max_features=log2(n_features).

  • If None, then max_features=n_features.

Note: the search for a split does not stop until at least one valid partition of the node samples is found, even if it requires to effectively inspect more than max_features features.

max_leaf_nodesint or None, optional (default=None)

Grow trees with max_leaf_nodes in best-first fashion. Best nodes are defined as relative reduction in impurity. If None then unlimited number of leaf nodes.

min_impurity_decreasefloat, optional (default=0.)

A node will be split if this split induces a decrease of the impurity greater than or equal to this value. The weighted impurity decrease equation is the following:

N_t / N * (impurity - N_t_R / N_t * right_impurity
                    - N_t_L / N_t * left_impurity)

where N is the total number of samples, N_t is the number of samples at the current node, N_t_L is the number of samples in the left child, and N_t_R is the number of samples in the right child. N, N_t, N_t_R and N_t_L all refer to the weighted sum, if sample_weight is passed.

bootstrapboolean, optional (default=True)

Whether bootstrap samples are used when building trees.

oob_scorebool (default=False)

Whether to use out-of-bag samples to estimate the generalization accuracy.

n_jobsint or None, optional (default=None)

The number of jobs to run in parallel for both fit and predict. None means 1 unless in a joblib.parallel_backend context. -1 means using all processors.

random_stateint, RandomState instance or None, optional (default=None)

If int, random_state is the seed used by the random number generator; If RandomState instance, random_state is the random number generator; If None, the random number generator is the RandomState instance used by np.random.

verboseint, optional (default=0)

Controls the verbosity when fitting and predicting.

warm_startbool, optional (default=False)

When set to True, reuse the solution of the previous call to fit and add more estimators to the ensemble, otherwise, just fit a whole new forest.

None, optional (default=None)

Weights associated with classes in the form {class_label: weight}. If not given, all classes are supposed to have weight one. For multi-output problems, a list of dicts can be provided in the same order as the columns of y. Note that for multioutput (including multilabel) weights should be defined for each class of every column in its own dict. For example, for four-class multilabel classification weights should be [{0: 1, 1: 1}, {0: 1, 1: 5}, {0: 1, 1: 1}, {0: 1, 1: 1}] instead of [{1:1}, {2:5}, {3:1}, {4:1}]. The “balanced” mode uses the values of y to automatically adjust weights inversely proportional to class frequencies in the input data as n_samples / (n_classes * np.bincount(y)) The “balanced_subsample” mode is the same as “balanced” except that weights are computed based on the bootstrap sample for every tree grown. For multi-output, the weights of each column of y will be multiplied. Note that these weights will be multiplied with sample_weight (passed through the fit method) if sample_weight is specified.

Attributes:
estimators_list of DecisionTreeRegressor

The collection of fitted sub-estimators.

n_features_int

The number of features when fit is performed.

n_outputs_int

The number of outputs when fit is performed.

feature_importances_array of shape = [n_features]

Compute feature importances for time series forest.

oob_score_float

Score of the training dataset obtained using an out-of-bag estimate.

oob_decision_function_array of shape = [n_samples, n_classes]

Decision function computed with out-of-bag estimate on the training set. If n_estimators is small it might be possible that a data point was never left out during the bootstrap. In this case, oob_decision_function_ might contain NaN.

class_weight: dict, list of dicts, “balanced”, “balanced_subsample” or None, optional (default=None)

Not needed here, added in the constructor to align with base class sharing both Classifier and Regressor parameters.

Methods

apply(X)

Abstract method that is implemented by concrete estimators.

check_is_fitted()

Check if the estimator has been fitted.

clone()

Obtain a clone of the object with same hyper-parameters.

clone_tags(estimator[, tag_names])

Clone tags from another estimator as dynamic override.

create_test_instance([parameter_set])

Construct Estimator instance if possible.

create_test_instances_and_names([parameter_set])

Create list of all test instances and a list of names for them.

decision_path(X)

Decision path of decision tree.

fit(X, y, **kwargs)

Wrap fit to call BaseRegressor.fit.

get_class_tag(tag_name[, tag_value_default])

Get a class tag's value.

get_class_tags()

Get class tags from the class and all its parent classes.

get_config()

Get config flags for self.

get_fitted_params([deep])

Get fitted parameters.

get_metadata_routing()

Get metadata routing of this object.

get_param_defaults()

Get object's parameter defaults.

get_param_names()

Get object's parameter names.

get_params([deep])

Get parameters for this estimator.

get_tag(tag_name[, tag_value_default, ...])

Get tag value from estimator class and dynamic tag overrides.

get_tags()

Get tags from estimator class and dynamic tag overrides.

get_test_params([parameter_set])

Return testing parameter settings for the estimator.

is_composite()

Check if the object is composed of other BaseObjects.

load_from_path(serial)

Load object from file location.

load_from_serial(serial)

Load object from serialized memory container.

predict(X, **kwargs)

Wrap predict to call BaseRegressor.predict.

predict_proba(X, **kwargs)

Wrap predict_proba to call BaseRegressor.predict_proba.

reset()

Reset the object to a clean post-init state.

save([path, serialization_format])

Save serialized self to bytes-like object or to (.zip) file.

score(X, y[, multioutput])

Scores predicted labels against ground truth labels on X.

set_config(**config_dict)

Set config flags to given values.

set_fit_request(*[, sample_weight])

Request metadata passed to the fit method.

set_params(**params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

set_score_request(*[, multioutput])

Request metadata passed to the score method.

set_tags(**tag_dict)

Set dynamic tags to given values.

fit(X, y, **kwargs)[source]#

Wrap fit to call BaseRegressor.fit.

This is a fix to get around the problem with multiple inheritance. The problem is that if we just override _fit, this class inherits the fit from the sklearn class BaseTimeSeriesForest. This is the simplest solution, albeit a little hacky.

predict(X, **kwargs) ndarray[source]#

Wrap predict to call BaseRegressor.predict.

predict_proba(X, **kwargs) ndarray[source]#

Wrap predict_proba to call BaseRegressor.predict_proba.

classmethod get_test_params(parameter_set='default')[source]#

Return testing parameter settings for the estimator.

Parameters:
parameter_setstr, default=”default”

Name of the set of test parameters to return, for use in tests. If no special parameters are defined for a value, will return “default” set.

Returns:
paramsdict or list of dict, default = {}

Parameters to create testing instances of the class Each dict are parameters to construct an “interesting” test instance, i.e., MyClass(**params) or MyClass(**params[i]) creates a valid test instance. create_test_instance uses the first (or only) dictionary in params

apply(X)[source]#

Abstract method that is implemented by concrete estimators.

check_is_fitted()[source]#

Check if the estimator has been fitted.

Raises:
NotFittedError

If the estimator has not been fitted yet.

clone()[source]#

Obtain a clone of the object with same hyper-parameters.

A clone is a different object without shared references, in post-init state. This function is equivalent to returning sklearn.clone of self.

Raises:
RuntimeError if the clone is non-conforming, due to faulty __init__.

Notes

If successful, equal in value to type(self)(**self.get_params(deep=False)).

clone_tags(estimator, tag_names=None)[source]#

Clone tags from another estimator as dynamic override.

Parameters:
estimatorestimator inheriting from :class:BaseEstimator
tag_namesstr or list of str, default = None

Names of tags to clone. If None then all tags in estimator are used as tag_names.

Returns:
Self

Reference to self.

Notes

Changes object state by setting tag values in tag_set from estimator as dynamic tags in self.

classmethod create_test_instance(parameter_set='default')[source]#

Construct Estimator instance if possible.

Parameters:
parameter_setstr, default=”default”

Name of the set of test parameters to return, for use in tests. If no special parameters are defined for a value, will return “default” set.

Returns:
instanceinstance of the class with default parameters

Notes

get_test_params can return dict or list of dict. This function takes first or single dict that get_test_params returns, and constructs the object with that.

classmethod create_test_instances_and_names(parameter_set='default')[source]#

Create list of all test instances and a list of names for them.

Parameters:
parameter_setstr, default=”default”

Name of the set of test parameters to return, for use in tests. If no special parameters are defined for a value, will return “default” set.

Returns:
objslist of instances of cls

i-th instance is cls(**cls.get_test_params()[i])

nameslist of str, same length as objs

i-th element is name of i-th instance of obj in tests convention is {cls.__name__}-{i} if more than one instance otherwise {cls.__name__}

parameter_setstr, default=”default”

Name of the set of test parameters to return, for use in tests. If no special parameters are defined for a value, will return “default” set.

decision_path(X)[source]#

Decision path of decision tree.

Abstract method that is implemented by concrete estimators.

property estimators_samples_[source]#

The subset of drawn samples for each base estimator.

Returns a dynamically generated list of indices identifying the samples used for fitting each member of the ensemble, i.e., the in-bag samples.

Note: the list is re-created at each call to the property in order to reduce the object memory footprint by not storing the sampling data. Thus fetching the property may be slower than expected.

property feature_importances_[source]#

Compute feature importances for time series forest.

classmethod get_class_tag(tag_name, tag_value_default=None)[source]#

Get a class tag’s value.

Does not return information from dynamic tags (set via set_tags or clone_tags) that are defined on instances.

Parameters:
tag_namestr

Name of tag value.

tag_value_defaultany

Default/fallback value if tag is not found.

Returns:
tag_value

Value of the tag_name tag in self. If not found, returns tag_value_default.

classmethod get_class_tags()[source]#

Get class tags from the class and all its parent classes.

Retrieves tag: value pairs from _tags class attribute. Does not return information from dynamic tags (set via set_tags or clone_tags) that are defined on instances.

Returns:
collected_tagsdict

Dictionary of class tag name: tag value pairs. Collected from _tags class attribute via nested inheritance.

get_config()[source]#

Get config flags for self.

Returns:
config_dictdict

Dictionary of config name : config value pairs. Collected from _config class attribute via nested inheritance and then any overrides and new tags from _onfig_dynamic object attribute.

get_fitted_params(deep=True)[source]#

Get fitted parameters.

State required:

Requires state to be “fitted”.

Parameters:
deepbool, default=True

Whether to return fitted parameters of components.

  • If True, will return a dict of parameter name : value for this object, including fitted parameters of fittable components (= BaseEstimator-valued parameters).

  • If False, will return a dict of parameter name : value for this object, but not include fitted parameters of components.

Returns:
fitted_paramsdict with str-valued keys

Dictionary of fitted parameters, paramname : paramvalue keys-value pairs include:

  • always: all fitted parameters of this object, as via get_param_names values are fitted parameter value for that key, of this object

  • if deep=True, also contains keys/value pairs of component parameters parameters of components are indexed as [componentname]__[paramname] all parameters of componentname appear as paramname with its value

  • if deep=True, also contains arbitrary levels of component recursion, e.g., [componentname]__[componentcomponentname]__[paramname], etc

get_metadata_routing()[source]#

Get metadata routing of this object.

Please check User Guide on how the routing mechanism works.

Returns:
routingMetadataRequest

A MetadataRequest encapsulating routing information.

classmethod get_param_defaults()[source]#

Get object’s parameter defaults.

Returns:
default_dict: dict[str, Any]

Keys are all parameters of cls that have a default defined in __init__ values are the defaults, as defined in __init__.

classmethod get_param_names()[source]#

Get object’s parameter names.

Returns:
param_names: list[str]

Alphabetically sorted list of parameter names of cls.

get_params(deep=True)[source]#

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters:
deepbool, default=True

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns:
paramsdict

Parameter names mapped to their values.

get_tag(tag_name, tag_value_default=None, raise_error=True)[source]#

Get tag value from estimator class and dynamic tag overrides.

Parameters:
tag_namestr

Name of tag to be retrieved

tag_value_defaultany type, optional; default=None

Default/fallback value if tag is not found

raise_errorbool

whether a ValueError is raised when the tag is not found

Returns:
tag_valueAny

Value of the tag_name tag in self. If not found, returns an error if raise_error is True, otherwise it returns tag_value_default.

Raises:
ValueError if raise_error is True i.e. if tag_name is not in
self.get_tags().keys()
get_tags()[source]#

Get tags from estimator class and dynamic tag overrides.

Returns:
collected_tagsdict

Dictionary of tag name : tag value pairs. Collected from _tags class attribute via nested inheritance and then any overrides and new tags from _tags_dynamic object attribute.

is_composite()[source]#

Check if the object is composed of other BaseObjects.

A composite object is an object which contains objects, as parameters. Called on an instance, since this may differ by instance.

Returns:
composite: bool

Whether an object has any parameters whose values are BaseObjects.

property is_fitted[source]#

Whether fit has been called.

classmethod load_from_path(serial)[source]#

Load object from file location.

Parameters:
serialresult of ZipFile(path).open(“object)
Returns:
deserialized self resulting in output at path, of cls.save(path)
classmethod load_from_serial(serial)[source]#

Load object from serialized memory container.

Parameters:
serial1st element of output of cls.save(None)
Returns:
deserialized self resulting in output serial, of cls.save(None)
reset()[source]#

Reset the object to a clean post-init state.

Using reset, runs __init__ with current values of hyper-parameters (result of get_params). This Removes any object attributes, except:

  • hyper-parameters = arguments of __init__

  • object attributes containing double-underscores, i.e., the string “__”

Class and object methods, and class attributes are also unaffected.

Returns:
self

Instance of class reset to a clean post-init state but retaining the current hyper-parameter values.

Notes

Equivalent to sklearn.clone but overwrites self. After self.reset() call, self is equal in value to type(self)(**self.get_params(deep=False))

save(path=None, serialization_format='pickle')[source]#

Save serialized self to bytes-like object or to (.zip) file.

Behaviour: if path is None, returns an in-memory serialized self if path is a file location, stores self at that location as a zip file

saved files are zip files with following contents: _metadata - contains class of self, i.e., type(self) _obj - serialized self. This class uses the default serialization (pickle).

Parameters:
pathNone or file location (str or Path)

if None, self is saved to an in-memory object if file location, self is saved to that file location. If:

path=”estimator” then a zip file estimator.zip will be made at cwd. path=”/home/stored/estimator” then a zip file estimator.zip will be stored in /home/stored/.

serialization_format: str, default = “pickle”

Module to use for serialization. The available options are “pickle” and “cloudpickle”. Note that non-default formats might require installation of other soft dependencies.

Returns:
if path is None - in-memory serialized self
if path is file location - ZipFile with reference to the file
score(X, y, multioutput='uniform_average') float[source]#

Scores predicted labels against ground truth labels on X.

Parameters:
Xsktime compatible time series panel data container, Panel scitype, e.g.,

pd-multiindex: pd.DataFrame with columns = variables, index = pd.MultiIndex with first level = instance indices, second level = time indices numpy3D: 3D np.array (any number of dimensions, equal length series) of shape [n_instances, n_dimensions, series_length] or of any other supported Panel mtype for list of mtypes, see datatypes.SCITYPE_REGISTER for specifications, see examples/AA_datatypes_and_datasets.ipynb

y2D np.array of int, of shape [n_instances, n_dimensions] - regression labels

for fitting indices correspond to instance indices in X or 1D np.array of int, of shape [n_instances] - regression labels for fitting indices correspond to instance indices in X

multioutputstr, optional (default=”uniform_average”)

{“raw_values”, “uniform_average”, “variance_weighted”}, array-like of shape (n_outputs,) or None, default=”uniform_average”. Defines aggregating of multiple output scores. Array-like value defines weights used to average scores.

Returns:
float, R-squared score of predict(X) vs y
set_config(**config_dict)[source]#

Set config flags to given values.

Parameters:
config_dictdict

Dictionary of config name : config value pairs. Valid configs, values, and their meaning is listed below:

displaystr, “diagram” (default), or “text”

how jupyter kernels display instances of self

  • “diagram” = html box diagram representation

  • “text” = string printout

print_changed_onlybool, default=True

whether printing of self lists only self-parameters that differ from defaults (False), or all parameter names and values (False). Does not nest, i.e., only affects self and not component estimators.

warningsstr, “on” (default), or “off”

whether to raise warnings, affects warnings from sktime only

  • “on” = will raise warnings from sktime

  • “off” = will not raise warnings from sktime

backend:parallelstr, optional, default=”None”

backend to use for parallelization when broadcasting/vectorizing, one of

  • “None”: executes loop sequentally, simple list comprehension

  • “loky”, “multiprocessing” and “threading”: uses joblib.Parallel

  • “joblib”: custom and 3rd party joblib backends, e.g., spark

  • “dask”: uses dask, requires dask package in environment

backend:parallel:paramsdict, optional, default={} (no parameters passed)

additional parameters passed to the parallelization backend as config. Valid keys depend on the value of backend:parallel:

  • “None”: no additional parameters, backend_params is ignored

  • “loky”, “multiprocessing” and “threading”: default joblib backends any valid keys for joblib.Parallel can be passed here, e.g., n_jobs, with the exception of backend which is directly controlled by backend. If n_jobs is not passed, it will default to -1, other parameters will default to joblib defaults.

  • “joblib”: custom and 3rd party joblib backends, e.g., spark. Any valid keys for joblib.Parallel can be passed here, e.g., n_jobs, backend must be passed as a key of backend_params in this case. If n_jobs is not passed, it will default to -1, other parameters will default to joblib defaults.

  • “dask”: any valid keys for dask.compute can be passed, e.g., scheduler

Returns:
selfreference to self.

Notes

Changes object state, copies configs in config_dict to self._config_dynamic.

set_fit_request(*, sample_weight: bool | None | str = '$UNCHANGED$') ComposableTimeSeriesForestRegressor[source]#

Request metadata passed to the fit method.

Note that this method is only relevant if enable_metadata_routing=True (see sklearn.set_config). Please see User Guide on how the routing mechanism works.

The options for each parameter are:

  • True: metadata is requested, and passed to fit if provided. The request is ignored if metadata is not provided.

  • False: metadata is not requested and the meta-estimator will not pass it to fit.

  • None: metadata is not requested, and the meta-estimator will raise an error if the user provides it.

  • str: metadata should be passed to the meta-estimator with this given alias instead of the original name.

The default (sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED) retains the existing request. This allows you to change the request for some parameters and not others.

New in version 1.3.

Note

This method is only relevant if this estimator is used as a sub-estimator of a meta-estimator, e.g. used inside a Pipeline. Otherwise it has no effect.

Parameters:
sample_weightstr, True, False, or None, default=sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED

Metadata routing for sample_weight parameter in fit.

Returns:
selfobject

The updated object.

set_params(**params)[source]#

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as Pipeline). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Parameters:
**paramsdict

Estimator parameters.

Returns:
selfestimator instance

Estimator instance.

set_score_request(*, multioutput: bool | None | str = '$UNCHANGED$') ComposableTimeSeriesForestRegressor[source]#

Request metadata passed to the score method.

Note that this method is only relevant if enable_metadata_routing=True (see sklearn.set_config). Please see User Guide on how the routing mechanism works.

The options for each parameter are:

  • True: metadata is requested, and passed to score if provided. The request is ignored if metadata is not provided.

  • False: metadata is not requested and the meta-estimator will not pass it to score.

  • None: metadata is not requested, and the meta-estimator will raise an error if the user provides it.

  • str: metadata should be passed to the meta-estimator with this given alias instead of the original name.

The default (sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED) retains the existing request. This allows you to change the request for some parameters and not others.

New in version 1.3.

Note

This method is only relevant if this estimator is used as a sub-estimator of a meta-estimator, e.g. used inside a Pipeline. Otherwise it has no effect.

Parameters:
multioutputstr, True, False, or None, default=sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED

Metadata routing for multioutput parameter in score.

Returns:
selfobject

The updated object.

set_tags(**tag_dict)[source]#

Set dynamic tags to given values.

Parameters:
**tag_dictdict

Dictionary of tag name: tag value pairs.

Returns:
Self

Reference to self.

Notes

Changes object state by setting tag values in tag_dict as dynamic tags in self.